There are numerous stereotypes regarding the ability of victims with intellectual disabilities to report criminal acts and to describe their perpetrators. In this regard, the present study has aimed to analyze the stability of memory of a stressful event (medical examination within a hospital setting) over time in young people (Mage = 15.11 years old, SD = 3.05) with mild or moderate intellectual disability (IQ= 54.32, SD = 13.47). The results show a stability of the memory of what happened an hour and a week after the event in relation to the people involved, the apparatus used and the parts of the body explored. No interaction effects were found between the stability of memory over time and the level of intellectual disability. The level of disability (mild or moderate) only affected the description of the doctor who performed the exploration and the explored parts of the body, showing better results for people with mild disability. In addition, the results highlight the relationship between memory and IQ, especially verbal.
Morales, C., Manzanero, A. L., Wong, A., Gómez-Gutiérrez, M., Iglesias, A. M., Barón, S. y Álvarez, M. A. (2017). Stability of autobiographical memory in children with intellectual disabilities. Anuario de Psicología Jurídica, 27.